Syntex supports two kinds of block-level markup: custom syntax for common elements and generic syntax for generating arbitrary HTML. Syntax for common elements is described below.
A paragraph is a group of adjacent lines separated by one or more blank lines:
This is a paragraph. Note that it includes all adjacent lines of text. This is a second paragraph.
H1 headings can be enclosed in equals signs
========== H1 Heading ==========
H2 headings can be enclosed in dashes
---------- H2 Heading ----------
In each case the upper line of symbols is optional. The text can extend over multiple lines as long as it does not include any blank lines:
------ Some Text ------
Headings can also be indicated by prefacing their text with an appropriate number of hash symbols
### H3 Heading ###
The trailing symbols in the example above are optional and can be omitted.
Ordered and Unordered Lists
Lists come in compact and block varieties. A compact list is a list whose elements are not separated by blank lines. List items in a compact list will not be wrapped in paragraph tags in the HTML output.
An unordered list can use either an asterisk
+, or unicode bullet-symbol
\u2022 as its list-item marker:
* foo - foo + foo • foo * bar - bar + bar • bar * baz - baz + baz • baz
An ordered list uses either integer-period
<int>. or hash-period
#. as its list-item marker:
1. foo #. foo 2. bar #. bar 3. baz #. baz
Ordered lists are numbered according to their opening integer:
5. This list starts. 6. With list item 5.
List-item markers can be indented by up to three spaces. A list-item consists of its opening line plus all subsequent blank or indented lines:
* This list item is split over two lines.
List items can contain nested compact lists:
* foo 1. bar 2. baz * bam
Note that switching to a different list-item marker will begin a new list, i.e. the following markup will create two separate lists each containing a single item:
- foo + bar
A block list is a list whose elements are separated by one or more blank lines.
* This is a block list. * With two elements.
Each list-item is parsed as a new block-level context and can contain any number of block-level elements, including paragraphs, headings, and nested lists.
* This list item contains a paragraph and a compact list. 1. foo 2. bar * This list item contains two paragraphs. This is the first. And this is the second.
List-item markers can be indented by up to three spaces. A list-item consists of its opening line plus all subsequent blank or indented lines.
Note that a list consisting of a single item will always be treated as a block list.
Syntex supports definition lists with terms enclosed in double pipes:
|| Term 1 || This is the definition of the first term. || Term 2 || This is the definition of the second term.
A term's definition consists of all subsequent blank or indented lines and can contain any number of block-level elements.
A block of text indented by one tab or four spaces is treated as a code block and wrapped in
<pre> tags in the HTML output. The code block can contain blank lines and is ended by the first non-indented line.
This is a paragraph followed by a code block. <p>Hello world!</p>
HTML in code blocks is automatically escaped.
A line containing three or more
- characters (optionally separated by spaces) will produce a horizontal rule:
* * * -----
Syntex can recognise and ignore block-level HTML in its input so you can freely mix and match Syntex markup and raw HTML.
Syntex uses two simple rules for identifying block-level HTML:
A single line beginning with an opening block-level tag and ending with its corresponding closing tag, e.g.
<div><p>This is raw HTML and will be left untouched.</p></div>
An opening block-level tag followed vertically below by its corresponding closing tag, e.g.
<div> <p>This is raw HTML and will be left untouched.</p> </div>
The opening and closing tags should not be indented relative to their context but can be freely mixed with other block-level Syntex elements, e.g.
:div .outer This is a paragraph. <div class="inner"> <p>This is raw HTML.</p> </div> This is another paragraph.
Note that inline Syntex formatting will not be processed inside block-level HTML.